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JDBC batching performance tips
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The following pages have their detailed tips extracted below
The following detailed tips have been extracted from the raw tips page
JDBC Performance Tips (targeted at AS/400, but generically applicable) (Page last updated February 2001, Added 2001-03-21, Authors Richard Dettinger and Mark Megerian, Publisher IBM). Tips:
- Use blocked fetchs (fetching table data in blocks), and tailor the block size to reduce calls to the database, according to the amount of data required.
- Use batch updates (sending multiple rows to the database in one call).
Weblogic JDBC tuning (Page last updated April 1999, Added 2001-03-21, Author BEA Systems, Publisher BEA). Tips:
- Fetch rows in batches rather than one at a time, using the batch as a read-ahead mechanism (i.e. pre-fetch rows in batches). Tune the batch size and the number of rows pre-fetched. Avoid pre-fetching BLOBs.
- Use built-in DBMS set-based processing to operate on multiple rows/tables in one request.
- Avoid row at a time processing, process multiple rows together wherever possible.
- Try to batch updates: collect statements together and execute them together in one transaction. Use conditional logic and temporary variables if necessary to achieve statement batching.
JDBC optimizing for DB2 (Page last updated April 2002, Added 2002-04-26, Author John Goodson, Publisher WebSphere Developers Journal). Tips:
- Minimize the data retrieved from the database, both columns and rows. Use setMaxRows, setMaxFieldSize, and SetFetchSize.
J2EE Performance tuning (Page last updated October 2001, Added 2001-10-22, Author James McGovern, Publisher Java Developers Journal). Tips:
- Use block fetches when the query will give a large ResultSet and all rows are needed. Use the Page-by-Page Iterator pattern when only some of the rows may be needed.
Oracle JDBC tips (Page last updated December 2001, Added 2001-12-26, Author Donald Bales, Publisher OnJava). Tips:
- From the client side, Statement is faster than PreparedStatement (except if you are batching statements) when using dynamic SQL.
- Use PreparedStatements for batching repetitive inserts or updates.
- OraclePreparedStatement.setExecuteBatch() (proprietary method) is the fastest way to execute batch statements.
Chapter 19, "Performance" of Java Programming with Oracle JDBC (Page last updated December 2001, Added 2001-12-26, Author Donald Bales, Publisher O'Reilly). Tips:
- Use PreparedStatements to batch statements for optimal performance.
Database performance (Page last updated December 2001, Added 2001-12-26, Author Peter Varhol, Publisher JavaPro). Tips:
- Performance can be better if changes to the database are batched: turn off autocommit; add multiple SQL statements using the Statement.addBatch() method; execute Statement.executeBatch().
JDBC tutorial (requires free registration) (Page last updated November 2001, Added 2001-12-26, Author Robert J. Brunner, Publisher IBM). Tips:
- Batch operations by combining them in one transaction, and in one statement using Statement.addBatch() and Statement.executeBatch().
EJB performance tips (Page last updated November 2001, Added 2001-12-26, Authors Ravi Kalidindi and Rohini Datla, Publisher PreciseJava). Tips:
- Do bulk updates to reduce database calls.
JDBC performance tips (Page last updated November 2001, Added 2001-12-26, Authors Ravi Kalidindi and Rohini Datla, Publisher PreciseJava). Tips:
- Tune the defaultPrefetch and defaultBatchValue settings.
- Batch your transactions. Turn off autocommit and explicitly commit a set of statements.
- Batch updates and accesses with Statements and ResultSets (with executeBatch() and setFetchSize()).
- Use the Page-by-Page Iterator pattern to repeatedly pass small amounts of data rather than huge chunks.
EJB performance tips (Page last updated December 2001, Added 2001-12-26, Author Krishna Kothapalli and Raghava Kothapalli, Publisher JavaPro). Tips:
- Use session beans for database batch operations, entity beans typically operate only one row at a time.
Moving from JSP to EJB (Page last updated June 2001, Added 2001-06-18, Author Patrick Sean Neville, Publisher Java Developers Journal). Tips:
- Under heavy loads, entity beans should do more than merely represent a table in a database. If you are merely retrieving and updating data values, consider using JDBC within session beans instead.
Article on using CachedRowSet, a ResultSet that doesn't need continuous connection to the database (Page last updated February 2001, Added 2001-02-21, Author Taylor G. Cowan, Publisher JavaWorld). Tips:
- Using CachedRowSet lets you batch updates, and execute them asynchronously.
Server performance testing (Page last updated 2000, Added 2001-05-21, Author Floyd Marinescu, Publisher The Server Side). Tips:
- Minimize network calls, especially database calls: make one large database call rather than many small ones; make sure ejbStore isn?t storing anything for read only operations; use Details Objects to get entity bean state rather than making many trips for each aspect of state.
Optimizing entity beans (Page last updated May 2001, Added 2001-05-21, Author Akara Sucharitakul, Publisher Sun). Tips:
- Use container-managed persistence when you can. An efficient container can avoid database writes when no state has changed, and reduce reads by retrieving records at the same time as find() is called.
- Minimize database access in ejbStores. Use a "dirty" flag to avoid writing tee bean unless it has been changed.
- Avoid deadlocks. Note that the sequence of ejbStore calls is not defined, so the developer has no control over the access/locking sequence to database records.
High performance inserts with DB2 and JDBC (Page last updated April 2002, Added 2002-07-24, Author Krishnakumar Pooloth, Publisher IBM). Tips:
- Use SQLJ to get the use of buffered inserts, and modify the code generated from SQLJ to reuse the RTStatement object.
Last Updated: 2023-08-28
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